Knowing the ins and outs of your driveway material and construction structure is important if you’re considering about installing a driveway or if your existing driveway needs repair due to extensive cracking.
Cheap and enduring material is asphalt. It also has a fantastic appearance. However, according on how much weight it will frequently bear, the asphalt’s thickness must be chosen.
You may hear that a normal thickness is 2 inches. However, others may argue that the standard is 9 inches. The majority of the time, building a driveway requires adhering to local laws because the load and climate will affect the asphalt.
Maintaining a suitable drainage system, routine maintenance, and, most importantly, thickness is all necessary to keep an asphalt driveway in top condition.
Asphalt driveway thickness
Depending on the weights it will support, an asphalt driveway’s thickness will be determined. A commercial driveway may need up to a 4- to 6-inch asphalt layer depending on its light- to heavy-duty use, compared to a 2- to 3-inch thickness is needed for residential driveways.
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An asphalt driveway’s thickness varies according to its intended use and the amount of weight it can support. There are differences between the driveways of residences and businesses.
Residential asphalt driveway:
Residential driveways typically consist of 2 to 3 inches of asphalt. For heavy machinery and vehicles, driveways are made 3 inches thick. There should be 6 to 8 inches of granular base aggregate under your asphalt over the soil.
If the soil in your area is loamy or clay, it may need to be excavated and replaced to a specific depth before it creates major issues later. However, if the soil is gravelly, rocky, or sandy, it will provide good drainage with the asphalt.
Driveways in homes can get by with 2 inches. Additionally, some believe that this is the accepted method for determining asphalt thickness.
However, it would be preferable if the asphalt in your driveway were up to 4 inches thick. The thickness of asphalt is officially measured in several areas.
Recycled asphalt driveway:
Reprocessed pavement using asphalt and aggregates is known as recycled asphalt, sometimes known as reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP).
It is constructed using a variety of recyclable resources, such as regular asphalt and recycled plastic trash from the ocean or plants.
In addition to being environmentally beneficial, recycled asphalt is also very cost-effective, produces high-quality bonding, and reduces cracking.
However, recycled asphalt isn’t as darkly pigmented as regular new asphalt. A thickness of one to two inches is needed for recycled driveway.
Commercial driveways should typically have 3 inches of asphalt. 8 inches of granular base aggregate should also be used for commercial driveways. Additionally, there needs to be good drainage soil placed underneath.
This driveway structure will depend on light duty to high duty because commercial driveways will frequently be ran over by huge, heavy trucks. As compared to residential ones, the requirements are much tougher.
Greater driveway and base depths are needed for heavier vehicles to prevent cracking and degradation.
Heavy duty driveway:
The thickest base is required for heavy-duty driveways. There will be lots of big, heavy trucks and cars driving over them. as those seen next to loading ports. The construction of the driveway has to be strengthened.
This will have unique layers for the binder and finish. As a result of the requirement, asphalt has a total thickness of 4 to 7 inches. Additionally, heavy-duty commercial lots should have a base layer of at least 3 inches of aggregate and 6 inches of asphalt.
Is 2 inches of asphalt enough for driveways?
Different driveways need to be measured for thickness differently. It all depends on the driveway’s intended use and the weight of the load it must support. Consequently, 2 inches of asphalt won’t be sufficient for every driveway.
2 inches of asphalt will be plenty for residential driveways. However, 3–4 inches will be stronger and better. This measurement would be better if you occasionally had truck visits. Regulations in some states mandate an asphalt thickness of 3–4 inches.
5 or even 6 inches of full-depth asphalt can ensure sufficient security if you need a stronger, more solid driveway to handle a wider range of environment and weights.
3 factors that determine asphalt driveway thickness
When calculating the asphalt driveway’s thickness, there are many different factors to take into account. There is no clear answer to the question of what the thickness should be because it will depend on a variety of other elements.
The following factors affect asphalt driveaway thickness:
It is crucial to first comprehend the sort of soil. Rock or soil will typically be present in subgrade material. The better, the more information you can obtain. Sand or gravelly soil ensures proper drainage.
Soft, clay, or loamy soil will ultimately reduce the number of opportunities and make the process more difficult. Soil will serve as the firm foundation for the finished pavement.
To build the subgrade, engineers compact and grade the soil.
In the event that your contractor is unable to achieve sufficient compaction, it could be necessary to remove and replace some soil or utilize an aggregate subbase.
It is important to consider the weight of the vehicles that will be utilizing the pavement, the daily average number of cars using the roadway, and how often they will be going.
Truck traffic areas will require stronger pavement to support the larger trucks. The ordinary suburban driveway, though, usually won’t require the same adjustments.
For instance, the pavement on a major highway carrying hundreds of articulated trucks and thousands of cars each day does not need to be as dense as a residential driveway where three to four low-speed cars will travel on it each day.
A variety of combinations are available for asphalt. such as regular asphalt pavement and open-graded pavement. The size of the stones used can have an impact on the thickness of the asphalt pavement.
The basic rule is that the thickness of each layer shall be at least three times the nominal maximum size of the aggregate.
The surface layer may utilize a thinner layer of a mix with smaller aggregates to provide more visual appeal and deliver a stronger driveway at the same time. The entire set may consist of a regular asphalt mix for the lower layer.
These are the elements that affect how thick an asphalt driveway should be.
How much weight can 3 inches of asphalt hold?
There is a weight restriction for asphalt driveways that should be carefully examined. The type of traffic your driveway must accommodate will decide its thickness.
You do not need to choose a heavy duty one if you are establishing a driveway for your home and just normal cars pass by. However, a driveway that has consistently dealt with RVs and trucks needs to be thick.
Asphalt is typically thought of as having a thickness of 3–4 inches. Most city ordinances stipulate that your residential driveway must be at least 4 inches thick and able to support 8,000 pounds.
As a result, 3 inches of asphalt can support nearly a typical load of weight of 8,000 pounds. On the other hand, commercial trucks like dump trucks or concrete mixers can weigh up to 80,000 pounds.
What happens if your asphalt is too thin for a driveway?
Suppose asphalt is too thin. Random cracking and driveway degradation will follow. Not what you wanted. You may encounter following problems,
Too Weak to Carry Load:
Your driveway won’t be able to support the load intended for it if you create it too thinly without keeping the right thickness. 3–4 inches of thickness are typically thought to be sufficient for residential areas.
2 inches, though, will enough. However, in both situations, you must ensure that your driveway has a sturdy basis.
Weight will not be distributed:
The base layer of asphalt will determine the thickness of the asphalt and its inherent flexibility.
The weight will be evenly distributed once the asphalt has been installed successfully. However, if the asphalt is too thin, the weight won’t be evenly distributed and will harm the entire pavement.
Sign of Cracks and Breaks:
If the asphalt is constructed too thinly, the material directly beneath the tire will be compressed, causing it to pull away from the surrounding pavement and form fatigue fractures.
These minute cracks will eventually get wider and spread upwards and outwards, degrading the surface long before its lifecycle is complete.
As a general rule, 2 to 3 inches thickness is standard for residential asphalt driveways and 4 to 6 inches are better for commercial ones. The precise measurement is occasionally made public by the government. Asphalt thickness will also be influenced by the base material, soil type, and traffic.